Yet the brilliance of his reign made up for his military policies. The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power. Inbefore his fifth birthday, his father died, and Louis inherited the throne of France.
The expenditure was around 18 million pounds, leaving a deficit of 8 million. Etiquette became a means of governing. The Palace of Versailles housed approximately twenty thousand noblemen and women at one time.
Finance had always been the weak spot in the French monarchy: Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection. Mazarin had taught him to work rigorously, and Louis maintained a punishing schedule throughout his life, shrugging off a series of minor illnesses and not listening to the advice of his physicians.
The main weakness arose from an old bargain between the French crown and nobility: Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies.
This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne. Etiquette became a means of governing.
Finally, a palace revolution in London, bringing the pacific Tories to power, and a French victory over the imperial forces at the Battle of Denain combined to end the war. In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. Revocation of the Edict of Nantes To his traditional enemies Louis now added the entire Protestant world.
French kings after Louis XIV taxed a lot of money from the poor people to try and pay off the debt.
Moreover, he eventually realized his dream of seeing a Bourbon on the Spanish throne. Expenses included not only building but also diverting rivers, piping in fresh water, and planting thousands of orange trees to mask the smell of sewage that could not be properly drained away.
I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport. The members refused to comply and ordered all of the king's earlier financial edicts burned. Zenith and decline The Sun King was at his zenith. He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people. The revocation, which was accompanied by a pitiless persecution, drove many artisans from France and caused endless misfortune.
By the time Richelieu died in Decembersubstantial victories had been won in the war against the Spaniards, and Louis was respected as one of the most powerful monarchs in Europe. He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes.
The main weakness arose from an old bargain between the French crown and nobility: He invited manufacturers and artisans from all over Europe to France, such as Murano glassmakers, Swedish ironworkers, and Dutch shipbuilders.Without any doubt, two things were absolutely necessary for ruling: very hard work on my part, and a a French archbishop, to Louis XIV.
Archbishop Fénelon served as tutor to one of the king’s children. This letter was sent anonymously. LOUIS XIV: PRIMARY SOURCES PART ONE.
Watch video · Who was Louis XIV of France? Everything you need to know about the 'Sun King' and the Palace of Versailles But who was Louis XIV? Louis XIV. List of French monarchs. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Ruled from the start of the • Great-grandson of Louis XIV King of France and of Navarre (Roi de France et de Navarre) Louis XVI the Restorer of the French Liberty (Louis XVI le Restaurateur de la Liberté Française).
Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ; 23 August – 21 January ), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.
He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. Louis XIII: Louis XIII, king of France from towho cooperated closely with his chief minister, the Cardinal de Richelieu, to make France a leading European power.
The eldest son of King Henry IV and Marie de Médicis, Louis succeeded to the throne upon the assassination of his father in. By Gretchen Schmid. Ina young French aristocrat visiting King Louis XIV’s royal court was asked if he knew how to dance. The aristocrat, who went by Montbron, replied with characteristic.Download